Black fungus | What is Black fungus Mucormycosis? Black fungus infection, symptoms, Do’s and Don’ts?

What is a black fungus?

The black fungus infection, also known as mucormycosis, is caused by a fungus called mucor. Recently, several states have flagged cases of COVID-triggered mucormycosis, especially among patients who are diabetic. And here the black fungus is failing in it and the person whose immunity power is working or someone has got a serious illness and most of the corona virus patient is getting here because their immunity power is working, its cases are increasing day by day to avoid it. For, the government has given some rules that we are telling you. black fungus

What is Black fungus Mucormycosis?

Black fungus Mucormycosis :- Mucormycosis is a fungal infection that is triggered by the corona virus. Experts of the Kovid-19 Task Force say that it spreads easily to those who are already suffering from some disease and whose immune system is weak. Infections in these people have less ability to fight infection, then these people are more at risk, in the spread of infection, see how they can survive this infection. Who are at risk? black fungus According to the Indian Council of Medical Research, the risk of Mucormycosis increases in corona patients only under certain conditions. May increase the risk of black fungus in case of uncontrolled diabetes, weak immunity due to steroids, prolonged ICU or hospitalization, any other disease, post organ transplant, cancer or voriconazole therapy (treatment of severe fungal infections.

Black fungus Mucormycosis
Black fungus Mucormycosis

Symptoms of black fungus

Black fungus :- What are the symptoms– Many types of symptoms are seen mainly in black fungus. It can be identified by redness or pain in the eyes, fever, headache, cough, shortness of breath, vomiting, blood in vomit or change in mental state. Therefore, these symptoms should be closely watched.

black fungus Mucormycosis begins to manifest as skin infection in the air pockets located behind our forehead, nose, cheekbones, and in between the eyes and teeth. It then spreads to eyes, lungs and can even spread to the brain. It leads to blackening or discoloration over the nose, blurred or double vision, chest pain, breathing difficulties and coughing of blood. black fungus

Black fungus Mucormycosis
Black fungus Mucormycosis

How to prevent Mucormycosis?

  • Use masks if you are visiting dusty construction sites
  • Wear shoes, long trousers, long sleeve shirts and gloves while handling soil (gardening), moss or manure black fungus
  • Maintain personal hygiene, including thorough scrub bath
  • The disease can be managed by controlling diabetes, discontinuing immunomodulating drugs, reducing steroids and extensive surgical debridement- to remove all necrotic materials, according to the advisory. black fungus

How to save a black fungus

Now the point here is that black fungus is spreading so much here and how to avoid it, then let us tell you that there are some ways by which we can avoid black fungus like: –

Do’s

  • Control hyperglycemia black fungus
  • Monitor blood glucose level post-COVID-19 discharge and also in diabetics
  • Use steroid judiciously
  • Use clean, sterile water for humidifiers during oxygen therapy
  • Use antibiotics/antifungals judiciously

Don’ts

  • Do not miss warning signs and symptoms of black fungus.
  • Do not consider all the cases with blocked nose as cases of bacterial sinusitis, particularly in the context of immunosuppression and/or COVID-19 patients on immunomodulators
  • Do not hesitate to seek aggressive investigations, as appropriate (KOH staining & microscopy, culture, MALDITOF), for detecting fungal etiology black fungus
  • Do not lose crucial time to initiate treatment for mucormycosis.
  • After recovering from coronavirus, one should closely monitor and should not miss any warning signs and symptoms mentioned above, as the fungal infection is found to emerge even weeks or months after recovery. black fungus

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